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Sretna Nova godina

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PROTECTION HUMAN HEALTY AND ENVIRONMENTAL OF PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS

Global trend in man’s consciousness is returning of natural balance which is perturbated by global pollution. Ecological way of thinking and local acting concerning that theme should prevail, including also economic effects of human activities. The concept of sustainable development is of great significance in quality attaining and sustentation of all conditions  necessary for re-attaining  of  natural balance. Ecological way of consciousnes has to be a priority, while natural balance do not rebalance. Concerning global acting, legislative regulations which by environment protection field is regulated,  should be generally adjusted. Serbia intensively works on its legislative regulations adjustment to those adapted in EU.

Zagadjenje okolineStockholm Convention allude to Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), which are big threat to live organisms when they come into environment. These kinds of chemicals are heterogenous, could be a combustion product and originate during different industrial production processes. They represent great dangeour while their accumulation affection in organism and are soluble in fats; some of them can induce deseases similar to cancer, if they come into organism. In Serbian public is unsufficient knowledge about this kind of pollution, so such and similar  education is necessary. Organization of National Implementing Plan is big step ahead, which takes over the activities on Stockholm Convetion’s ratification.

Autors: Nada Mijajlović, Mirjana Savić,  M. Jeločnik

WINE TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE DANUBE BASIN AREA IN SERBIA

Rural areas in the Danube basin area in Serbia facing serious economic and social difficulties, caused by the transition, the economic crisis and the processes of migration and depopulation, which are particularly evident in the area of the Lower Danube. Danube is known for its centuries-long tradition of producing grapes and quality wines, which is now concentrated in the family wineries. Wine tourism, based on the production of quality wines of protected geographical indications in conjunction with the production of traditional local food and craft products, cultural tourism and nature-based tourism can make a significant contribution to sustainable territorial development. The authors analyze the possibilities and constraints for the development of wine tourism in the wine regions of the Danube basin area, included in the official wine routes of the Tourist Organization of Serbia.

Baš sam lep! Volim Dunav!Favorable natural conditions and centuries-old tradition in the production of grapes and quality wine in the Danube basin area in Serbia, as well as a successful transition shift in the vineyard sector towards strengthening family wineries, and their inclusion in Danube wine and cultural routes represent a good strategy to enhance wine tourism and its contribution to territorial development. The perceived financial and infrastructure limitations and weaknesses in human resources must be rapidly overcome with efficient actions of the state and local communities, including EU assistance.

Autors: Vesna Popović, Jelena Živanović

DESET DRŽAVA SA NAJDUŽIM ŽIVOTNIM VEKOM STANOVNIKA

Na osnovu određenih istraživanja u SAD izabrano je deset država, čije stanovništvo ima najduži životni vek. Treba napomenuti, da postoje i druga mišljena po kojima je na prvom mestu Švajcarska , odnosno  Japan itd.

Ipak najinteresantniji i najvažniji su faktori od uticaja na dugovečnost u tim državama.

1. MONAKO
MonacoProsečni životni vek: 89,6
Stanovnici Monaka žive čak deceniju duže od prosečnih Amerikanaca. Dve ključne stvari koje u njihovom slučaju određuju dugačak životni vek su bogatstvo i sistem zdravstvene zaštite koji finansira država. U Monaku su uglavnom na takozvanoj mediteranskoj ishrani koja smanjuje rizik od pojave karidovaskularnih bolesti i visokog pritiska. Mnogo je onih koji kažu da je opuštena atmosfera zapravo pravi razlog zbog kog stanovnici ove kneževine dugo žive.

2. MAKAO
MakaoProsečni životni vek: 84,4

Kao i nekoliko drugih naroda sa liste, i stanovnici Makaoa žive dugo zahvaljujući plodonosnoj ekonomiji. Kockanje je glavni izvor prihoda, a čak 70 odsto novca koji se zaradi u kazinima tamošnja vlada ulaže u državno zdravstveno osiguranje. Na ovom ostrvu postoji mnoštvo kockarnica čiji su vlasnici često isti ljudi koji drže kazina u Las Vegasu.

3. JAPAN
JapanProsečni životni vek: 83,9
Dovoljno je uporediti procenat gojaznih stanovnika Japana sa Amerikom i sve je odmah mnogo jasnije. Gojazni u Japanu čine 3,1 odsto ukupnog broja stanovnika, dok je u Americi 33,9 odsto. Zahvaljujući japanskim navikama u ishrani, koja se uglavnom sastoji od svežeg povrća, pirinča i ribe, Japanci nisu debeli. Sveža riba je bogat izvor omega 3 masnih kiselina koje krvni pritisak održavaju na normali i smanjuju rizik od moždanog udara i infarkta. Pored toga, Japanci mnogo hodaju.

4. SINGAPUR
SingapurProsečni životni vek: 83,7
Pravilna ishrana i čista okolina doprinose dugovečnosti ove nacije. Kao i u Hongkongu, baza singapurske kuhinje su pirinač i povrće. Tamošnja vlada je veoma stroga kada je u pitanju čistoća ulica – pušenje je strogo zabranjeno, a neprestano se brine o tome da stanovnici žive u ekološki zdravoj sredini. Imaju velike olakšice kod zdravstvenog osiguranja i razvijene programe pomoći za stariju populaciju.

5. SAN MARINO
San MarinoProsečni životni vek: 83

Evropska treća najmanja država (iza Vatikana i Monaka) i najstarija republika na svetu je bogata, ali još jedan razlog za dugovečnost bi moglo da bude radno okruženje njenih stanovnika. Ova državica nije profitirala zahvaljujući poslovima koji imaju veze sa fizičkim poslovima. Glavne grane privrede su im bankarstvo i turizam, a većina stanovnika San Marina radi kancelarijske poslove. To značajno smanjuje broj smrti koje nastupaju na radnom mestu, što je u drugim delovima sveta veliki problem.

6. ANDORA
Andora-SavonaProsečni životni vek: 82,5

Nekoliko faktora utiče na dugovečnost Andorana. Ova mala nacija koja je u „sendviču“ između Španije i Francuske promoviše aktivan život na otvorenom. CIA izveštava da je 100 odsto Andorana obrazovano, pa je samim tim procenat nezaposlenosti sveden na minimum. To znači da svi ljudi koji tamo žive mogu da priušte sebi zdrave i kvalitetne namirnice, kao i dobru zdravstvenu zaštitu.

7. GIRNSEJ
GirnsejProsečni životni vek: 82,2
Ovo malo ostrvo u Engleskom kanalu ne pripada Velikoj Britaniji ni Evropskoj uniji. Njihova nezavisnost ukazuje i na to da ih nestabilna komšijska ekonomija ne dotiče. Kako se to uklapa u dugovečnost stanovnika ostrva? Jedna od teorija je da žive dugo zato što su bogati, pa zbog toga imaju novca za odličnu zdravstvenu zaštitu i kvalitetnu ishranu. Porezi su im izuzetno niski, a poslovi odlično plaćeni.

8. HONGKONG
Hong-KongProsečni životni vek: 82,1
Kao i Italijani, stanovnici Hongkonga dugovečnost duguju načinu ishrane. Osnova su pirinač, povrće i tofu, ali tu je i aktivan stil života. Građani ove države žive u proseku četiri godine duže od Amerikanaca, a procenat gojaznih ljudi je izuzetno nizak.

9. AUSTRALIJA
AustralijaProsečni životni vek: 81,9

Na to što Australijanci dugo žive utiče nekoliko faktora. Mali procenat puši, malo ih je gojaznih, a imaju i aktivan životni stil. Ipak, tamošnji lekari insistiraju da je tajna australijske dugovečnosti zapravo univerzalna zdravstvena zaštita. Dok mogućnost lečenja u Americi u velikoj meri zavisi od toga da li su ljudi zaposleni i bogati, Australijanci imaju pristup svemu što im u zdravstvu treba bez obzira na to koliko para imaju. Ipak, ne bi trebalo previše da se opuštaju jer im procenat gojaznih raste, pa bi njihova dugovečnost mogla da bude ugrožena.

10. ITALIJA
Firenca-agroekonomijaProsečni životni vek: 81,8

Mnogo je stručnjaka koji su dovodili u vezu dugovečnost Italijana sa njihovom ishranom, koja je mnogo više od paste, mesa i sira. U mediteranskoj ishrani mnogo se koriste maslinovo ulje i crno vino koja su izvor antioksidanasa. Samim tim manje je problema sa holesterolom, manji je rizik od pojave krvnih ugrušaka i srčanih oboljenja. Italijani koriste i mnogo začina – bosiljak, origano i beli luk. Samim tim smanjuju rizik od visokog krvnog pritiska i moždanog i srčanog udara.

 

ORGANIZATIONAL LEGAL ASPECTS OF CLUSTERS IN THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

In theory and in practice, clusters, as specific form of economic entities association, differ significantly. Theoretically defined, a cluster is often hard to recognize in practice, especially in transitional and less developed countries. There are many dilemmas in scientific and professional public about the legal form of clusters. The most frequent perplexities are regarding clusters’ legal aspects issues (is it necessary or obligatorily for cluster to be registered or not?), legal forms in which it can function, internal clusters organization (authorities, rights andobligations of members, etc.).

klasteri1A cluster in a real and essential comprehension of this concept can exist only as a formal legal registered legal entity, but also can function if it is not legally registered, does not have managing bodies, or clearly defined organizational network/structure of functioning. Generally, formal-legal association into a cluster (registration of a cluster as a legal entity) is a phenomenon of a bureaucratic-administrative character and is mostly connected to use of donor and/or budgetary resources for work and investments of cluster, when is necessary for the cluster to be legally registered and to have a professional management. Otherwise, a need of the legal registration members of a cluster do not recognize and it does not represent a precondition for cluster members to be networked after cluster principle.

What is important to emphasize is that, for developed clusters in the world, clusters which must not be legally registered, are available organizations for support to small and medium enterprises sector (so called, BSO-Business Support Organizations and BSP-Business Service Providers), as legal entities in public private sector, which help enterprises in cluster and the cluster in whole to build and increase their competitiveness on the national and international market. There can be concluded that each cluster follows its own path of creation and development, i.e. its history, requires less or more organized form, can have formal or informal character and ad hoc or long-term character.

Autors: Vesna Paraušić, B. Mihailović

 

PROMOTION OF „GREEN MANUFACTURING“ IN AGRIBUSINESS OF THE DANUBE REGION RURAL AREAS

The education for environmental protection, in addition to timely and credible information, legislation and environmental eligible investments, rises as an important task, since it most directly affects the creation of environmental awareness and ecological behavior. The second pillar of the Danube Strategy – Protecting the environment in the Danube Region -focuses on the region’s environment, closely monitoring the progress made in environment-related projects and activities. Cleaner production requires changes in behavior, responsible environmental management, development and implementation of appropriate policies and constant evaluation of different technology options.

1 ekologijaToday’s civilization was developed on the paradigm of continuous material growth and achievement of the unscrupulous use of natural resources. On the one hand, industrialization enables the improvement of the living standards of a large number of people on Earth, but on the other hand has a negative impact on the environment and human health. The
related to a different approach to the environment. In essence, the ecological crisis is an inseparable part of the great civilization events. First of all, a deep crisis of a mode of production, consumption patterns and economic growth, with a loss of basic human values. Such life took a man out of balance with nature, of which he is only a part, and it can be
recovered only with basic socio-cultural alternatives in the way of production and consumption.

In a time of global environmental crisis, the education for environmental protection, in addition to timely and credible information, legislation and environmental eligible investments, raises as an important task, since it most directly affects the creation of environmental awareness and ecological behavior.

Thanks to the UN and other international organizations and research interests of theoreticians who have addressed the problems in this field from their point of view of their scientific and theoretical orientations, this debate experiences the culmination, and the education in this field a specific development and qualitative affirmation. Seriousness of
environmental problems, the need for environmental protection and management of environmental risks represent an impetus for a focus of social development (“sustainable development”) and the related different conception of educational policy in the way of the formation and development of “sustainable society”.

Companies that implement cleaner production should gain an economic advantage by reducing labor costs, reduced waste treatment, reducing disposal costs, reduce environmental pollution and so on. Investing in cleaner production has a long term impact on better economic results of enterprises and reduces costs in relation to the implementation of solutions for the treatment of the already existing waste. When it comes to ecology it has been shown that the media have
an individual and social significance. They affect both the development of environmental awareness and ecological culture of the individual and the raise of environmental awareness and the culture of the whole society.

Autors: D. Jovanović1, S. Andžić