The draft of Rural development strategy of the RS for period 2010-2013 anticipates the improvement of agriculture, forestry and food industry sectors competitiveness, leaning on „development of organic crop and animal production and integral production, as well as the products with protected designation of origin and the production with protected geographic indication“ and „support in establishing and functioning the producers organizations“. At the same time, the conservation and improvement of environment and provision of sustainable use of natural resourceswill be supported by pilot projects for agro-environment measures implementation in selected regions. In cooperation with interested rural stakeholders and other social partners in the area will be defined also appropriate agro-environment measures for program period 2014-2020, including compensatory payments in mountain and in other areas with handicaps, and payments within Natura 2000 ecological network.
Thereby indicates explicitly that, so called, European model of agriculture, based on the principles of competitive, multifunctional and sustainable agriculture, makes a starting point in defining policy of support to improvement of life quality and stimulation of economic activities diversification in rural areas (MAFWM, 2009:47-51).
The support to development of sustainable and multifunctional agriculture, which ensures adequate quantity, quality and safety of food, protects the environment and contributes to economic and social development of village derives also from obligations according to previously accepted international conventions. For the NP „Djerdap“ particular importance have clauses of the Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians (Official Gazette, 102/2007). Following the solutions of the Alpine Convention (REC-EURAC, 2007:67-69), the Carpathian Convention, inter alia, obliges the signatory parties to „keep managing the land, which traditionally cultivates in sustainable way and during creation and application of agricultural policy to take into consideration a need for protection of mountain eco-systems and biological diversity and specific conditions in mountains“. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has promoted, within the Danube-Carpathian Program (1998), the Carpathian Opportunity initiative for „more business, more jobs, more nature“, i.e. for targeting the investments in key activities (energetic, food, tourism and forestry), in a way to provide employment and growth and, simultaneously, to provide the protection and restoration of Carpathian natural and cultural diversity (http://www.panda.org/).
Autori: Marija Nikolić, Vesna Popović